“The Next Rembrandt”

By: Sooraz Bylipudi, Sridhar Sriram and Sachit Jain

Section 9

Source: http://www.livescience.com/54364-computer-creates-new-rembrandt-painting.html
Source: http://www.livescience.com/54364-computer-creates-new-rembrandt-painting.html

“The Next Rembrandt” is a digitally-created interpretation of Rembrandt by inputting 346 of the painter’s works into a deep-learning algorithm. This algorithm, in turn, extracted subject matter, geometric patterns, and facial proportions from the works to create a new portrait of Rembrandt. After going through the algorithm, the portrait was then laid down on canvas by a 3D printer to recreate the depth of Rembrandt’s brushstrokes and illusion of texture. Truly, this work personifies the collision between old and new— art and science; thus questioning our ideas of what art really is.

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Amsterdam

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Amsterdam 52.370216, 4.895168

For our exploration into Dutch heritage and its influence in the contemporary world, our group chose a different type of painting – The Next Rembrandt.  As the name implies, the painting has a correlation to Rembrandt van Rijn, the famed Dutch painter and etcher.  In fact, some could make the case that Rembrandt himself created The Next Rembrandt.  However, the actual credit for this painting goes to Bas Korsten, Ben Haanstra, data analytics and teams from Microsoft, the Maurithsuis in The Hague, Technical University Delft, and the Rembrandt House Museum in Amsterdamm.  Together, all of these entities created The Next Rembrandt – a portrait created by software that interpreted the geometry and composition of 346 of the artist’s works and an additional height map that mimicked the artist’s brushstrokes.

While The Next Rembrandt has yet to placed in a certain location, we are certain that the painting will find a home in Amsterdam, where it will be unveiled.  The obvious reason for this location is presumably because of the intimate proximity of Amsterdam to Rembrandt’s heart.  While The Next Rembrandt is presumed to reside in the Netherlands, the connections to America are found in the collaboration embraced by the project members.  Microsoft, which appears to be the single tech corporation spearheading the group of data scientists and academics, is a renowned American company – and the sole American company in this case.  However, what is interesting is the spirit of teamwork that was adopted by the entirety of the group members in order to accomplish this project – a spirit that echoes the partnership shared between early citizens and the Dutch in colonial America.

The Next Rembrandt stood out from the other artifacts that our group surveyed because of the precedence and standard that this project is setting.  To blend the worlds of art and algorithm to mimic the work of one of the greatest artists in history opens up the potential of such technology to be applied for restoration projects and greater artistic feats.  Furthermore, this “artifact” gives a voice to the data analytics, engineers, and academics alike of today by providing a novel way to look at the past – by virtually creating the past.  In doing so, the students of today gain a hands-on example of topics studied for centuries.  In a world that is constantly advancing in technology and programs, there is something humbling and academically tantalizing of using our advances to create a reflective way to look at and examine our past.

Bibliography:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/04/05/is-this-the-ultimate-rembrandt-portrait/

http://www.livescience.com/54364-computer-creates-new-rembrandt-painting.html

https://www.nextrembrandt.com/

https://espresso.economist.com/c05ac6c12d237b0c49173d25d0f704cc

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Anne Frank from Amsterdam to Manhattan

By Jennifer Valentovic, Libby Wu, and Jay Hung

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source : http://forward.com/news/breaking-news/328519/record-number-visit-anne-frank-house/

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Space where Frank hid and wrote her diary.

source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/175218241724718550/?from_navigate=true

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source : http://marieieuropa.blogg.no/

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Anne Frank Center

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Anne Frank Center 40.713110, -74.009783
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Anne Frank House

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Anne Frank House 52.375310, 4.884091

Description:

Our artifact is Anne Frank because of her relationship between The Netherlands and America. Her legacy has traveled from her hiding space in Amsterdam to the Anne Frank center in Manhattan.  Otto Frank, her father, started the Anne Frank foundation in 1959, which created the center in 1977. Using “innovative education programs and exhibitions, the Center uses Anne Frank as a role model for today. Her insights and courage continue to inspire students, educators and citizens more than 60 years after her diary was first published,” (About the Anne Frank Center).  Furthermore, her legacy lives on beyond Manhattan because of her diary “The Diary of a Young Girl” that is now read throughout America and the world.

Frank and her family emigrated to Amsterdam in 1933 from Frankfurt, Germany after the Nazis gained control of Germany (Annefrank.com). She enjoyed her time here in Amsterdam attending school, dating Dutch boys, and making friends, but once Germany invaded the Netherlands in 1940 this soon changed. She hid with her family in the secret annex, where she wrote in her diary about her daily life until she was eventually found by the Nazis and killed at Bergen Belsen concentration camp (AnneFrank.com). Frank is just one of the millions of Jews who were killed during the Holocaust, and her story represents the people who looked to Amsterdam for refuge during this tragic time.

Essay:

The “Secret Annex” in which Anne Frank hid during the years before she was sent to Bergen-Belsen during the Nazi regime was located above and behind the office of Otto Frank at Prinsengracht 263 in Amsterdam. The space behind the office was the perfect place to hide, especially after a movable bookcase was built in front of the entryway to the space in August of 1942. The Frank family, along with four other Jewish people, started hiding in the annex in July of 1942 and four of Otto’s loyal employees agreed to help them hide and provide them with the supplies that they needed in order to survive.  A diary that Anne Frank kept during her time in hiding details her life and he struggles she faced. It has now become an inspiration to many people in America because for most, her diary is the first exposure that they have to the unfairness of her situation and that of the many Jewish people and other people that were considered “undesirable”.

We decided to choose this artifact because of how relevant it is to our modern lives and to the culture in America today. Anne Frank is now well known in the entire world, let alone America, and is one of the more recognizable historical figures. There are many monuments and ways to remember her story today, such as the Anne Frank Center located in New York City that is directly associated with the “Anne Frank House” where she hid. Her diary is often used as teaching material in many of our schools, and is used to “educate young people and communities and communities in North America about the dangers of intolerance, antisemitism, racism and discrimination, and to inspire the next generation to build a world based on equal rights and mutual respect.” (Anne Frank Center)

Bibliography/Works Cited

http://www.amsterdam.info/museums/anne_frank_house/

http://annefrank.com/

http://annefrank.com/about-the-center/

http://annefrank.com/helpers-heroes-and-liberators/

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Castello Plan

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Castello Plan

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Castello Plan 43.819447, 11.228183

By: Lauren Weissman, Alec Meacham, Nareena Imam, Huiwen Guan

1660 Map of New Amsterdam (New York City):

 

Interactive Map

What is It?

Our artifact is a 1660 map called The Castello Plan. While the original is lost, it was last seen in 1916 in Villa di Castello when it was redrawn. The map shows Manhattan in the 17th century, a time when Wall Street was literally a wall built to section off the Dutch from the natives. While there are several street names that sound familiar to us today, such as Broadway, Wall Street, and Pearl Street, there are also a series of canals that are unfamiliar to us today. Reminiscent of life back in the Netherlands, the Dutch built these canals for easy transportation of goods in and out of the city. And even though the original map is lost, there is a popular 20th century copy currently on display in the New York Public Library.

1660 vs Today:

Essay:

Our artifact is the Castello Plan, a 1660 redraft of an original Dutch map of New Amsterdam. It is one of the earliest known maps of Manhattan created by Jacques Cortelyou (ca. 1625 – 1693), a surveyor in the New Amsterdam. While the original survey has since been lost, a copy was created in 1665 by an anonymous individual. Presently, it is located in Italy, in a collection of Dutch maps that belonged to Cosimo de’ Medici III, who acquired it during a trip to Holland in 1669 from the cartographer Johannes Blaeu, who put it into an atlas.

Created only four years before the city would be renamed New York, the Castello Plan represents the progress towards colonization which the Dutch made between the years 1609, when Henry Hudson first discovered the region, and 1660. The infrastructure of the rising city is shown as seen in the layout of the streets but also included are elements of Dutch design and architecture as seen in the buildings and the inclusion of numerous gardens within the city walls, showing evidence of Dutch traces in horticulture in New York.

We chose to feature this artifact because of our connection with New York City, due to its proximity to New Jersey. It is a city we have been exposed to for years, and may have even walked past or seen things outlined in the Castello Plan. Previously, we did not consider the impact the Dutch had on New York because of the amount of time that has elapsed since they were here. However, this artifact shows us that we should be more aware of the Dutch presence, because it is deeply embedded in the history of the city.

As one of the earliest known maps of New York City, the Castello Plan is a symbol of how entwined the histories of America and the Dutch are. There is evidence that places relevant to residents even now have Dutch influences, such as buildings that still line the streets drawn carefully in the map. Documents along with the Castello Plan record the owners of buildings and what they did, showing that even back then New Amsterdam already had the diverse culture characteristic of modern day New York City.

Works Cited:

http://www.nyc99.org/1600/castillo.html

http://digitalcommons.buffalostate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1080&context=neha

http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/STONE_STREET_HISTORIC_DISTRICT.pdf

http://www.wired.com/2013/10/new-york-city-maps/

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Wall Street- Roland Lucas, Cecilia Salazar, and Nicholas Botte Section 9

For our Dutch artifact we chose Wall Street. It is located in Manhattan, New York and we picked this because of its historical significance as a part of New York City (formerly New Amsterdam) and its relevance in our society as a dominating topic in political, economic, and social discourse. Wall Street, as it has grown into the financial and business center of the global economy, has taken on an identity that many Americans associate with wealth and power. However, many people today view Wall Street in a negative light because of the involvement of the banks and financial organizations in the recent financial meltdown along with the nefarious and speculative practices that have occurred.

Wall Street dates back to the Dutch colonial times in Manhattan. The name of this renowned street actually comes from the wall of the Dutch settlement because “in the 17th century the wall formed the northern boundary of the New Amsterdam settlement erected for defensive purposes,” (http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/wallstreet/wallstreet.html). Protection was important to the settlers as a potential war was threatening to erupt between the English and the Dutch. The wall was built around the year 1685 by the Dutch settlers, led by Peter Stuyvesant and the Dutch West India Company. Wall Street tells the story of the earliest Dutch settlers in Manhattan, and how they were innovative in the actual construction of the wall. Interestingly, Wall Street also created a natural split of socioeconomic classes as well. Local merchants of New Amsterdam became split into two groups: auctioneers and dealers. Also, Wall Street was a popular place where slave owners were able to rent out their slaves by the day, week, or month. Overall, the early economic innovation of Wall Street created by the Dutch shows how Wall Street, has been a major center for economic activity for many centuries. Now, Wall Street is the busiest financial area in the entire world. This relates to the history of how the Dutch settlers made this area extremely busy and lively back in the 1600s. While Wall Street is not directly connected to Rutgers, it has become an incredibly popular area for college graduates to seek employment and Rutgers sends many graduates and alumni to this historic financial center.

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Wall Street

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Wall Street 40.900020, -74.358215

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Bibliography

http://www.loc.gov/rr/business/wallstreet/wallstreet.html

http://www.newnetherlandinstitute.org/history-and-heritage/digital-exhibitions/a-tour-of-new-netherland/manhattan/wall-street/

http://www.wsj.com/articles/trading-the-suburbs-for-high-rise-living-in-amsterdam-1452704582

http://www.aviewoncities.com/nyc/wallstreet.htm

http://www.wsj.com/articles/a-long-weekend-getaway-to-amsterdam-1433530832